Paul S. Reichler

Partner, Chair, International Litigation and Arbitration Department - Washington, D.C.

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Contact Information

202.223.1200

202.467.9675

preichler@foleyhoag.com Download vCard

Paul Reichler "is one of the world’s most respected and experienced practitioners of Public International Law, specializing for more than 25 years in the representation of Sovereign States in disputes with other States. He belongs to a select group of elite lawyers with extensive experience litigating on behalf of Sovereign States before the International Court of Justice in The Hague, and the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea in Hamburg," (Chambers Global 2010).

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Education:

  • Harvard Law School, J.D., cum laude, 1973
  • Tufts University, B.A., summa cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa, 1969

Languages:

Spanish, English

Representative Experience

Litigation Before the International Court of Justice

  • Somalia v. Kenya (Maritime Delimitation in the Indian Ocean). Counsel to Somalia (2014-present) in case concerning delimitation of the maritime boundary in the Indian Ocean.
  • Costa Rica v. Nicaragua (Maritime Delimitation in the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean). Counsel to Nicaragua (2014-present) in case concerning the delimitation of maritime boundaries in the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean.
  • Nicaragua v. Colombia (Alleged Violations of Sovereign Rights and Maritime Spaces in the Caribbean Sea). Counsel to Nicaragua (2013-present) in case concerning the violation of Nicaragua’s maritime rights and entitlements under the Court’s Judgment of 19 November 2012.
  • Nicaragua v. Colombia (Question of the Delimitation of the Continental Shelf between Nicaragua and Colombia beyond 200 nautical miles from the Nicaraguan Coast). Counsel to Nicaragua (2013-present) in case concerning delimitation of the maritime boundary in the extended continental shelf of the Caribbean Sea.
  • Nicaragua v. Costa Rica (Case Concerning Construction of a Road on the Costa Rican Side of the San Juan River). Counsel to Nicaragua (2011-2015) in case concerning pollution of San Juan River resulting from Costa Rican construction, industrial and agricultural activities.
  • Costa Rica v. Nicaragua (Case Concerning Certain Activities Carried Out by Nicaragua in the Border Area). Counsel to Nicaragua (2010-2015) in case concerning allegations of environmental harm resulting from Nicaragua's dredging of the San Juan River and restoration of a channel.
  • Georgia v. Russia (Case Concerning Application of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination). Counsel to Georgia (2008-2010) in case concerning Russia's participation in and support for ethnic cleansing aimed at expelling ethnic Georgians from areas occupied by Russian forces following Russia's August 2008 invasion.
  • Ecuador v. Colombia (Case Concerning Aerial Spraying on the Border). Counsel to Ecuador (2008-2013) in case concerning Colombia's aerial spraying of toxic herbicides in close proximity to the Ecuadorian border, causing serious harm to human health, livestock, crops and the environment in Ecuador.
  • Nicaragua v. Colombia (Case Concerning Territorial and Maritime Dispute). Counsel to Nicaragua (2007-2012) in case concerning disputed sovereignty over certain islands in the Western Caribbean, and the delimitation of the maritime boundary between Nicaragua and Colombia in those waters.
  • Argentina v. Uruguay (Case Concerning Pulp Mills on the Uruguay River). Counsel to Uruguay (2006-2010) in case concerning Uruguay's licensing of paper pulp mill as an environmentally-safe model of sustainable economic development and Argentina's allegation that it could pollute the river shared by the two States.
  • Costa Rica v. Nicaragua (Case Regarding Navigational and Related Rights). Counsel to Nicaragua (2007-2009) in case concerning sovereignty over the San Juan River, which constitutes the border between the two States, the right to regulate navigation on the river, and the lawfulness of Nicaragua's regulations.
  • Democratic Republic of Congo v. Uganda (Case Concerning Armed Activities in the Territory of Congo). Counsel to Uganda (1998-2005) in case concerning accusations against Uganda of armed intervention in the Congolese civil war and the unlawful occupation of Congolese territory.
  • Nicaragua v. the United States of America (Case Concerning Military and Paramilitary Activities in and Against Nicaragua). Counsel to Nicaragua (1984-1986) in case concerning the legality of United States military, logistical and financial aid to counterrevolutionary forces attempting to overthrow the Government of Nicaragua, and the mining of Nicaraguan harbors by U.S. military and intelligence forces.

Litigation, Arbitration and Mediation of Territorial and Maritime Boundary Disputes

  • Somalia v. Kenya. International Court of Justice. Counsel to Somalia (2014-present) in case concerning the maritime boundary in the Indian Ocean.
  • Ghana v. Cote d’Ivoire. International Arbitration under Annex VII of the International Convention on the Law of the Sea. Counsel to Ghana (2014-present) in case concerning the maritime boundary in the Gulf of Guinea.
  • Costa Rica v. Nicaragua. International Court of Justice. Counsel to Nicaragua (2014-present) in case concerning the delimitation of maritime boundaries in the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean.
  • Nicaragua v. Colombia. International Court of Justice. Counsel to Nicaragua (2013-present) in case concerning the violation of Nicaragua’s maritime rights and entitlements under the Court’s Judgment of 19 November 2012.
  • Nicaragua v. Colombia. International Court of Justice. Counsel to Nicaragua (2013-present) in case concerning delimitation of the extended continental shelf in the Caribbean Sea.
  • Croatia v. Slovenia. Counsel to Croatia (2011-present) in arbitration facilitated by the European Commission to resolve disputes over maritime and land boundaries.
  • Philippines v. People's Republic of China (2013-2016) in arbitration under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to determine the maritime jurisdiction and entitlements of the Philippines and China in the South China Sea.
  • Mauritius v. United Kingdom. Counsel to Mauritius (2011-2015) in arbitration under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea in regard to the status of the Chagos Archipelago and appurtenant maritime zones.
  • Djibouti v. Eritrea. Counsel to Djibouti (2011-present) in arbitration under the auspices of His Royal Highness the Emir of Qatar to end the border conflict and determine the land and maritime boundaries between the two States, including sovereignty over offshore islands.
  • Bangladesh v. Myanmar. International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea, Hamburg. Counsel to Bangladesh (2009-2012) in case concerning the delimitation of the maritime boundary in the territorial sea, Exclusive Economic Zone, and extended continental shelf in the Bay of Bengal.
  • Nicaragua v. Colombia. International Court of Justice, The Hague. Counsel to Nicaragua (2007-2012) in case concerning disputed sovereignty over certain islands in the Western Caribbean, and the delimitation of the maritime boundary between Nicaragua and Colombia in those waters.
  • Bangladesh v. India. International Arbitration under Annex VII of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Counsel to Bangladesh (2009-2014) in case concerning the delimitation of the maritime boundary in the territorial sea, Exclusive Economic Zone, and extended continental shelf in the Bay of Bengal.
  • Guatemala and Belize. International Mediation under the auspices of the Secretary General of the Organization of American States. Mediator appointed by the Secretary General (2000-2002) in facilitating a definitive resolution of the territorial and maritime boundary dispute between the two States.

International Arbitration for Sovereign States Against Foreign Investors

  • Philip Morris Brands Sarl et al. v. Uruguay. International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). Counsel to Uruguay (2010-2016) in case challenging Uruguay's public health regulations prohibiting the marketing of certain cigarettes and increasing the mandatory health warnings on packages.
  • Highbury International AVV and Ramstein Trading Inc. v. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). Counsel to Venezuela (2011-2013) in this arbitration, brought by a Netherlands Antilles company under the Netherlands-Venezuela bilateral investment treaty, alleging the expropriation of mining concessions.
  • ETI Euro Telecom International N.V. v. Republic of Bolivia. International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). Counsel to Bolivia (2007-2009) in arbitration under bilateral investment treaty brought by Dutch investor whose interests in a Bolivian telecommunications company were nationalized by the government.
  • M.C.I. Power Group L.C. v. Republic of Ecuador. International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). Counsel to Ecuador (2008-2009) in annulment proceeding before ICSID panel brought by Canadian investor in electric power sector seeking to annul arbitral award in favor of Ecuador.
  • Occidental Petroleum Corporation and Occidental Exploration and Production Company v. Republic of Ecuador. International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). Counsel to Ecuador (2006-2007) in proceeding for provisional measures sought by U.S. oil company based on allegation that its investment in an Ecuadorian oil field was expropriated.
  • Vannessa Ventures Ltd. v. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). Counsel to Venezuela (2004-2012) in proceeding under the ICSID Additional Facility, based on a claim of expropriation brought by a Canadian mining company under the bilateral investment treaty between Canada and Venezuela.
  • Shell Brands International AG and Shell Nicaragua S.A. v. Republic of Nicaragua. International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). Counsel to Nicaragua (2006-2007) in arbitration under the bilateral investment treaty between Nicaragua and the Netherlands, concerning a seizure of trademarks ordered by the Nicaraguan courts.
  • Republic of the Philippines v. Westinghouse Electric Corporation. International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). Counsel to the Philippines (1988-1992) in an arbitration in Lausanne, Switzerland over defects in the design and construction of a nuclear power plant.
  • Green Mining Company v. Republic of Guyana. International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). Counsel to Guyana (1992-1996) in an arbitration based in London against an Australian-American company, over claims that Guyana expropriated the company's contract rights.
  • A.E.I Luxembourg Holdings S.ar.L. v. Republic of Bolivia. Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce. Counsel to Bolivia (2008-2009) in arbitration under an investment treaty between Luxembourg and Bolivia based on Bolivia's nationalization of a gas pipeline company.
  • Republic of Guyana v. Texas Ohio Corporation. International Dispute Resolution Center of the American Arbitration Association. Counsel to Guyana (1998-2003) in arbitration to obtain compensation for a U.S. company's violation of contract to rehabilitate and operate a power plant in Guyana.
  • Neptune Mining Company v. Republic of Nicaragua. Arbitration by the former President of Venezuela. Counsel to Nicaragua (1980-1988) in an arbitration based in Caracas, Venezuela, to determine the value of gold mines nationalized by Nicaragua, and amounts owed to Nicaragua by U.S. mining company for failure to pay taxes.
  • ENABAS v. Cargill. Arbitration before the Rice Millers Association. Counsel to Nicaragua's state-owned grains distributor (1993-1994) to obtain compensation from U.S. supplier for shipment of adulterated rice from Pakistan.
  • Devres v. Republic of Guyana. Arbitration before Sole Arbitrator under the Guyana Arbitration Act. Counsel to Guyana (1999-2003) in case brought by U.S.-based health care consulting company over termination of consulting contract by Guyana

Litigation on Behalf of Sovereign States before United States Federal and State Courts

  • Solorzano v. Nicaragua. U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida and U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit (2013-2014). Counsel to Nicaragua in lawsuit over alleged expropriation of property and breach of contract, and appeal of judgment in favor of Nicaragua. Court of Appeals affirmed the dismissal of the case.
  • Community Finance Group v. Kenya. U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota and U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit (2010-2011). Counsel to Kenya in lawsuit over alleged aiding and abetting of fraudulent transaction by the government and its agencies, and appeal of judgment in favor of Kenya. Court of Appeals affirmed the dismissal of the case.
  • Carpenter v. Chile. U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York and U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (2008-2012). Counsel to Chile in lawsuit over alleged human rights violations by Chilean government and officials, and appeal of judgment in favor of Chile on grounds of sovereign immunity. All claims against Chile were dismissed.
  • Caromin v. Venezuela. U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York and U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (2007-2009). Counsel to Venezuela in lawsuit over alleged expropriation of mining concessions in Venezuela, and appeal of judgment in favor of Venezuela on grounds of sovereign immunity. Court of Appeals affirmed the dismissal of the case.
  • ETI Euro Telecom N.V. v. Bolivia. U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. Counsel to Bolivia (2008) in lawsuit to attach accounts of Bolivian government and state-owned telecommunications company in New York banks to secure claims against Bolivia arising from nationalization of the telecommunications company. Lawsuit was dismissed and funds were received by Bolivia.
  • Tsunami Victims Group v. Kingdom of Thailand. U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York (2005). Counsel to Thailand in lawsuit brought by families of victims of the 2004 tsunami accusing the Thai government of failure to provide timely warning or adequate relief to the victims. Lawsuit was dismissed.
  • Meridian Bank v. Liberia. U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York (1996-2000). Counsel to Liberia in defense of lawsuit brought by international bank to collect on defaulted loan procured by bribery of senior government officials. Lawsuit was settled on terms favorable to Liberia.
  • Atlantic Tele Network Corporation v. Guyana. U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia (2002-2003). Counsel to Guyana in lawsuit by U.S. telecommunications company claiming that its contract rights had been expropriated and seeking attachment of all economic assistance to Guyana from U.S. Government and all loans from Inter-American Development Bank. Lawsuit was dismissed.
  • Global Index, Inc. v. Tanzania. U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia (2001-2002). Counsel to Tanzania and its President and Minister of Finance in a lawsuit seeking redemption of promissory notes allegedly issued by Tanzania and guaranteed by its highest ranking officials. Lawsuit was dismissed.
  • Antares v. Nigeria. U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York and U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (1986-1989). Counsel to Nigeria and its Airports Authority in lawsuit by a U.S. company alleging breaches of contract and false imprisonment, and appeal of judgment in favor of Nigeria on grounds of sovereign immunity. Court of Appeals affirmed dismissal of the case.
  • De Sanchez v. Banco Central de Nicaragua. U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida and U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit (1980-1985). Counsel to Nicaragua in lawsuit to collect on certificates of deposit issued by Nicaragua's Central Bank, and appeal of judgment in favor of Nicaragua on grounds of sovereign immunity. Court of Appeals affirmed dismissal of the case.
  • Alberti International, Inc. v. Nicaragua. U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois and U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit (1980-1983). Counsel to Nicaragua in case concerning alleged expropriation of slaughterhouse by Nicaragua government, and appeal of judgment in favor of Nicaragua. Court of Appeals affirmed dismissal of the case.
  • "Problems of Evidence Before International Tribunals", International Arbitration: Contemporary Issues and Innovations, Sokol Colloquium, Volume 5, p. 47-52 (2013)
  • "A Case of Equitable Maritime Delimitation: Nicaragua and Colombia in the Western Caribbean Sea", Revista Tribuna Internacional, Publicación del Departamento de Derecho Interacional de la Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de Chile, Volume 2 No.3, p. 129-160 (2013)
  • "The Impact of the Nicaragua Case on Matters of Evidence and Fact Finding", Leiden Journal of International Law (2012)
  • “El arbitraje respecto de controversias sobre las fronteras maritimas conforme a la convencion de las Naciones Unidas sobre el derecho del mar." Oceanos - Arrecifes de Coral September/November (2011): 52-58
  • "Holding America to Its Own Best Standards: Abe Chayes and Nicaragua in the World Court", Harvard International Law Journal (Winter 2001)
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