Constantinos Salonidis

Partner - Washington, D.C.

Constantinos Salonidis
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Contact Information

202.261.7332

202.785.6687

csalonidis@foleyhoag.com Download vCard

Constantinos Salonidis is a partner with Foley Hoag’s International Litigation and Arbitration Practice in Washington, D.C. His practice focuses on international dispute resolution before the International Court of Justice and arbitration panels administered under the ICSID, UNCITRAL and ICC Arbitration Rules. Constantinos has represented several European, Asian, Middle Eastern, and Latin American States in investment treaty arbitration matters involving a diverse range of industries such as banking, hydrocarbons, health insurance, tobacco, port operations, steel manufacturing, automobile manufacturing, cable television services, and mining. Constantinos also regularly advises sovereign clients and private parties on a wide range of private and public international law issues. He is appointed to serve on the ICSID Panel of Conciliators (by the Slovak Republic). 

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Education:

  • Democritus University of Thrace School of Law, Ph.D., 2010
  • Georgetown Law Center, LL.M. in International Legal Studies, 2010
  • The Hague Academy of International Law, Diploma in Public International Law, 2006
  • Democritus University of Thrace School of Law, Master of Laws in Public International Law, 2005
  • Democritus University of Thrace School of Law, Bachelor in Law, 2001

Languages:

English, Greek, Spanish

Representative Experience

State-State Arbitration and Litigation and Sovereign Advisory Work

  • Appeal Relating to the Jurisdiction of the ICAO Council under Article 84 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Bahrain, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates v. Qatar) & Appeal Relating to the Jurisdiction of the ICAO Council under Article II, Section 2, of the 1944 International Air Services Transit Agreement (Bahrain, Egypt and United Arab Emirates v. Qatar). Counsel to the State of Qatar in proceedings before the International Court of Justice constituting appeals against decisions as to the jurisdiction and competence of the ICAO Council.
  • Application of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Qatar v. UAE). Counsel to the State of Qatar in this proceeding before the International Court of Justice arising from breaches of the ICERD by the UAE. 
  • The Philippines v. China. Advised the Philippines in the historical arbitral proceeding under Annex VII of UNCLOS to determine the maritime entitlements of the Philippines and China in the South China Sea.
  • The Republic of Ecuador v. The United States of America. Represented Ecuador in a groundbreaking arbitration under the State-to-State dispute resolution provisions of the Ecuador – U.S. bilateral investment treaty concerning the interpretation and application of Article II(7) (the “effective means” provision) of the treaty.
  • Case Concerning Territorial and Maritime Dispute (Nicaragua v. Colombia). Advised Nicaragua in defending against the attempt by Costa Rica and Honduras to intervene in the proceedings.
  • Advised a northeast African country regarding a territorial and maritime dispute with a neighboring country.
  • Advised a Latin American country in connection with a territorial dispute.

Investment Treaty Arbitration

  • Wuxi T. Hertz Technologies Co. Ltd. and Jetion Solar Co. Ltd. v. Hellenic Republic. Counsel to Greece in an UNCITRAL arbitration under the Greece – China bilateral investment treaty arising from alleged investments in a photovoltaic project in Northern Greece.
  • Thomas Gosling and others v. Republic of Mauritius. Counsel to Mauritius in an ICSID arbitration under the Mauritius – UK bilateral investment treaty arising from alleged investments in real estate projects in Mauritius.
  • Nissan Motors Ltd. v. Republic of India. Counsel to India in a UNCITRAL Arbitration under the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement between India and Japan arising from alleged non-payment of tax refunds relating to the activities of an integrated automobile project in the Indian State of Tamil Nadu.
  • Merck Sharpe & Dohme (I.A.) v. The Republic of Ecuador. Counsel to Ecuador in an UNCITRAL arbitration under the Ecuador – U.S. bilateral investment treaty arising from the alleged treatment of a foreign investor by the Ecuadorean judiciary.
  • Louis Dreyfus Armateurs SAS v. Republic of India.  Counsel to India in a UNCITRAL Arbitration under the India – France bilateral investment treaty arising from a contract concerning the supply and operation of cargo handling equipment in the Indian State of West Bengal. In the final award, the Tribunal not only dismissed all claims, but also awarded India $7.2 million in costs.
  • Philip Morris Brands et al v. The Oriental Republic of Uruguay. Represented Uruguay in an ICSID arbitration brought under the Uruguay – Switzerland bilateral investment treaty regarding Uruguay’s regulation of cigarette packaging and health warnings, and judicial disposition of the investor’s domestic administrative challenges. Claimants’ claims were dismissed for lack of merit. The tribunal also awarded Uruguay $7 million in costs.
  • Ping An Life Insurance Company of China, Limited & Ping An Insurance (Group) Company of China, Limited v. The Kingdom of Belgium. Represented Belgium in an ICSID arbitration under the Belgium – China bilateral investment treaty arising from measures in the financial services sector. The case was dismissed for lack of jurisdiction over the investor’s claims.
  • European American Investment Bank AG (Austria) v. The Slovak Republic. Represented Slovakia in an UNCITRAL arbitration under the Slovak Republic – Austria bilateral investment treaty arising from changes in the Slovak health insurance sector. The case was dismissed for lack of jurisdiction over the investor’s claims. The tribunal also awarded Slovakia €1.6 million in costs.
  • Achmea B.V. v. The Slovak Republic. Represented Slovakia in an UNCITRAL arbitration under the Slovak Republic – Netherlands BIT arising from alleged measures in the health insurance sector. The case was dismissed for lack of jurisdiction over the investor’s claims. The tribunal also awarded Slovakia €1.35 million in costs.
  • Vannessa Ventures Ltd. v. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Counsel to Venezuela in an ICSID Additional Facility arbitration under the Venezuela – Canada bilateral investment treaty. Claimants’ claims were dismissed for lack of merit. 
  • Talal Al Awamleh and others v. State of Qatar. Represented Qatar in an ICSID arbitration under the Qatar – Jordan bilateral investment treaty arising from contracts relating to a cable television franchise. The case was settled, and discontinued pursuant to ICSID Arbitration Rule 43.
  • Slovak Gas Holding BV, GDF International SAS & E.ON Ruhrgas International GMBH v. the Slovak Republic. Represented Slovakia in an ICSID arbitration under the Energy Charter Treaty arising from changes in the Slovak energy secto. The case was settled, and discontinued pursuant to ICSID Arbitration Rule 43.
  • Murphy Exploration & Production Company-International v. The Republic of Ecuador. Represented Ecuador in an UNCITRAL arbitration under the Ecuador – U.S. bilateral investment treaty arising from changes in domestic legislation pertaining to the exploitation of oil resources in Ecuador. The claimant was awarded only a fraction of the claimed damages (approx.5%).
  • City-State N.V and others v. Ukraine. Counsel to Ukraine in an ICSID arbitration under the Ukraine – Netherlands bilateral investment treaty arising from measures in the Ukrainian banking and financial sector. The claimants were awarded less than a third of the original amount claimed.
  • Tenaris S.A. and Talta - Trading e Marketing Sociedade Unipessoal Lda. v. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Counsel to Venezuela in two ICSID arbitrations under the Venezuela – Luxembourg and Venezuela – Portugal bilateral investment treaties arising from measures allegedly affecting claimants' investments in the Venezuelan steel industry. The claimants in the first case were awarded less than a quarter of the original amount claimed; in the second case, less than a third. 

International Commercial Arbitration and Related Cases

  • Counsel to the Hellenic Republic in proceedings relating to the enforcement of an ICC award in US courts.  
  • Counsel to a State-owned naval engineering firm in an ICC arbitration proceeding in connection with breach of contract claims relating to maintenance and repair of two submarines.

Professional Experience

  • Greece, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Center for Research and Planning, 2008-2009
  • Greece, Academy of Athens, Bureau of International and Constitutional Institutions, 2006-2009
  • “DENIAL OF JUSTICE" [in:] BRILL RESEARCH PERSPECTIVES IN INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT LAW AND ARBITRATION (forthcoming)
  • CANONS OF CONSTRUCTION AND OTHER INTERPRETIVE PRINCIPLES IN PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW (co-editor with J. Klingler & Y. Parkhomenko), Kluwer (2019) 
  • “International Commercial Arbitration: Cyprus” GLOBAL ARBITRATION REVIEW (2018)
  • “International Commercial Arbitration: Greece” GLOBAL ARBITRATION REVIEW (2018)
  • NATURAL RESOURCES AND THE LAW OF THE SEA (co-editor (with L. Martin & C. Hioureas), Juris Publishing (2017)
  • "Inherent Powers of ICSID Tribunals [in:] I. Laird and T. Weiler (eds), INVESTMENT TREATY ARBITRATION AND INTERNATIONAL LAW 43 (Juris Publishing, 2012)
  • "David's Sling: Cross-Agreement Retaliation in International Trade Disputes, 45(2) JOURNAL OF WORLD TRADE 457 (2011) (with A. Mitchell)
  • "The Sources of International Law [in:] K. Antonopoulos & K. Magliveras (eds.) THE LAW OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY (Nomiki Bibliothiki, 2011/2014/2017) (in Greek)
  • "Post-Conflict Amnesties in Non-International Armed Conflicts" [in:] M. Matheson & D. Momtaz (eds), RULES AND INSTITUTIONS OF INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW  PUT TO THE TEST OF RECENT ARMED CONFLICTS 863 (M. Nijhoff Publications, 2010)
  • "The International Criminal Court as a Mechanism of Social Dynamic: Some Preliminary Thoughts on the Political Function of the Court" [in:] S. Perrakis (ed.), INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE IN THE 21ST CENTURY: CHALLENGES AND PERSPECTIVES, (Ant. N. Sakkoulas Publishers: Athens-Komotini, 2010) (in Greek)
  • "The Extent of the Obligation to Extradite or Prosecute Grave Breaches of International Humanitarian Law" [in:] S. Perrakis & D. Marouda (eds), ARMED CONFLICTS AND INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW 150 YEARS AFTER SOLFERINO: ACQUIS AND PROSPECTS 613 (Bruylant, 2009)
  • "United Nations Practice towards Amnesty for International Crimes: A Critical Appraisal" [in:] S. Perrakis (ed.), VIEWS ON THE LEGAL AND POLITICAL ASPECTS OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION 627 (Ant. N. Sakkoulas Publishers: Athens-Komotini, 2009) (in Greek)
  • "Civil Liability of Classification Societies: Recent Developments in International and European Union Law"[in:] G. Tsaltas (ed.), ENVIRONMENT AND MARITIME TRANSPORTS: IN SEARCH OF A SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY 249 (I. Sideris: Athens 2008) (in Greek)
  • INTERNATIONAL LAW, SOFT LAW AND EXTRALEGAL TECHNIQUES OF NORMATIVE REGULATION (Ant. N. Sakkoulas Publishers, 2005) (in Greek)

Honors

  • Who’s Who Legal: Arbitration 2020—Future Leaders (Partners)
  • Director of Studies for Public International Law, The Hague Academy of International Law (2018)
  • Melbourne Law School, Honorary Senior Fellow (2019)
  • Visiting Professor, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva (2019)

Involvement

  • Panel of Conciliators (appointed by the Slovak Republic), International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes
  • Panel of Arbitrators and Mediators, Asian International Arbitration Centre  
  • Domain Name Dispute Resolution Panel, Asian International Arbitration Centre
     
  • Recurring guest lecturer for the Executive Training Program on Investment Arbitration for Government Officials held annually at the Columbia Center for Sustainable Investment, Columbia Law School, New York. 
  • Moderator, Investor-State Dispute Settlement 2.0: Stakeholder Perspectives on Recent Developments in the European Union’s Multilateral Investment Court Project, United Nations, April 27, 2018
  • Moderator, Best Practices in International Arbitration and Recent Developments, Georgetown University Law Center, October 24, 2016
  • International Litigation and Arbitration of Disputes Under UNCLOS, Lecture at the twenty-first session of the Rhodes Academy of Oceans Law and Policy, Rhodes, Greece, July 12, 2016
  • PMI v. Uruguay, Presentation at Global Economic Law Network’s second biennial symposium, hosted by Melbourne Law School, Australia, May 19-20, 2016.
  • Jurisdiction Ratione Temporis, Presentation at KLRCA International Investment Arbitration Conference, hosted by the Kuala Lumpur Regional Center for Arbitration, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, March 10-11, 2016
  • Moderator, The Exploration and Exploitation of Resources in Areas Under National Jurisdiction, Conference on Natural Resources and the Law of the Sea, Georgetown University Law Center, December 7, 2015
  • Recognition and Enforcement of Investment Treaty Awards, Presentation at Fourth High-Level Meeting on the role of the Judiciary in International Commercial Arbitration, Co-hosted by the Department of International Law of the Organization of American States, held in Castries, St. Lucía, October 23-24, 2014
  • Trans-boundary Disputes Involving Oil and Gas, Lectures at the 2013 - 2014 International Oil and Gas Development Seminars, held at the International Law Institute, Washington, D.C.
  • The Inherent Jurisdiction of ICSID Tribunals, Presentation at the Fifth Annual Investment Treaty Arbitration Conference, April 5, 2011, Washington, D.C., April 5, 2011
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Bar Admissions

  • Admitted in New York; admitted in Greece and as a Special Legal Consultant in the District of Columbia.