Caroline Donovan


I partner with my clients to best serve their needs, whether that’s an aggressive defense through trial, a diligent investigation, or a negotiated resolution.

Caroline Donovan is a partner in Foley Hoag’s White Collar Crimes and Government Investigations practice, representing companies and individuals in government and internal investigations, and defending clients against civil and criminal allegations of fraud.  Caroline focuses her work in healthcare and other regulated industries, where she helps clients navigate various enforcement activity to obtain successful resolutions.  Where matters cannot be resolved internally or by negotiation, Caroline represents her clients through trial and arbitration.

Caroline represents healthcare and life sciences clients in federal and state criminal and regulatory investigations and against civil claims, including under the federal False Claims Act, Anti-Kickback Statute, and the Physician Self-Referral Law.  She has experience and success with a number of recurrent issues, including billing and coding, marketing practices, and provider remuneration.  

For the last four years, Caroline has provided counsel to the federal government-appointed monitor of a globally significant financial institution. In this role, she advises the monitor with respect to compliance risk assessment and investigates the implementation of the monitor’s recommended compliance improvements.
Caroline also continues to have an active civil litigation practice, working with clients across industries, including healthcare and life sciences, professional services, technology, and cannabis.  Throughout her matters, Caroline has appeared in various federal and state trial courts and appellate courts, including argument before the Second Circuit Court of Appeals.  

Caroline is committed to pro bono work and has worked extensively on behalf of incarcerated persons and criminal defendants, including impact litigation, direct representation, and amicus support.  

Caroline is actively involved in internal firm matters and serves on the firm’s Hiring Committee.  She also edits the White Collar Law & Investigations blog.  Before law school, Caroline was a healthcare consultant in Washington, D.C.


  • University of Virginia School of Law, J.D., 2011
  • Princeton University, A.B., cum laude, 2006

Bar and Court Admissions

  • Massachusetts
  • U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts
  • U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
  • U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit


  • French


  • Represent genetic testing company in response to Civil Investigative Demand.
  • Defended genetic testing company through fact and expert discovery, and negotiated settlement of whistleblower complaint in investigation initiated by OIG, Health & Human Services subpoena concerning potential False Claims Act and Anti-Kickback Statute violations.
  • Defended genetic testing company and negotiated settlement in federal False Claims Act litigation concerning alleged violations of federal False Claims Act.  
  • Represented employees of pharmaceutical company in civil investigation concerning marketing practices. 
  • Represented testifying witnesses in healthcare fraud trail.
  • Defended global medical diagnostics company in arbitration concerning contract exclusivity and regulatory compliance.
  • Defended university medical laboratory concerning breach of contract claims through trial.
  • Serve as counsel to DOJ-appointed monitor of globally significant financial institution in connection with investigation and assessment of compliance program.
  • Represent company witness in grand jury testimony in case alleging violations of International Emergency Economic Powers Act. 
  • Represented investment bank employee in civil investigation concerning mortgage-backed securities. 
  • Represented plaintiffs challenging Massachusetts’ ban on medical marijuana vaping products.
  • Represented fantasy sports company secure order allowing continued operation.
  • Defended French telecommunications company in commercial litigation in federal district court resulting in a favorable jury trial verdict. 
  • With the ACLU of Massachusetts and CPCS, successfully advocated for thousands of defendants challenging their convictions based on evidence tainted by Annie Dookhan.


Honors & Involvement

  • Boston Bar Association Public Interest Leadership Program (2018-2019)
  • Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights and Economic Justice, Civil Rights Pro Bono Award (2015)
  • Boston Bar Association, Member
  • Women’s Bar Association of Massachusetts, Member

Speaking Engagements