Christina G. Hioureas

Counsel, Chair, United Nations Practice Group - New York

Christina Hioureas

Contact Information

646.927.5507

646.927.5599

chioureas@foleyhoag.com Download vCard

Christina Hioureas is a counsel in the firm's International Litigation & Arbitration practice and chair of the firm's United Nations practice group. Christina represents States, private and State-owned entities, and individuals on international disputes and public international law matters and advises States on matters before the United Nations and its bodies. She also serves as arbitrator in international commercial disputes.

Christina has experience on matters involving the Balkans, the Mediterranean, Europe, the Caucusus, the Middle East, Southeast Asia, Africa and Latin America. This includes:

  • Representing parties in international investment arbitration (ICSID, UNCITRAL) and complex international commercial arbitration (ICC, ICDR, AAA, LCIA, UNCITRAL and Swiss Rules) disputes ranging from mixed-use projects and construction matters to energy pricing and supply and solar power disputes under EPC contracts, sale and purchase agreements, power purchase agreements and offtake agreements, among others.
  • Serving as sole and co-arbitrator in international commercial disputes, including under UNCITRAL, ICC, ICDR, and AAA Rules. She is admitted to the panel of arbitrators for the AAA, ICDR, DIS, Asia International Arbitration Centre, and USCIB/ICC. She is also a CEDR-certified mediator. 
  • Advising States on matters before the United Nations and its bodies and representing States in proceedings before the International Court of Justice.
  • Representing States in claims before U.S. courts under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act and represents individuals in claims under the Alien Tort Statute and Torture Victim Protection Act and before regional human rights tribunals.
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Education:

  • The Hague Academy of International Law, Public International Law, 2011
  • University of California Berkeley School of Law Boalt Hall, J.D., American Jurisprudence Award - International Law; Lowell and Jensen Public Service Award, 2007
  • University of California, Berkeley, B.A., highest honors, 2004

Languages:

English, Greek, Spanish

Representative Experience

International Commercial Arbitration (ICC, UNCITRAL, ICDR, AAA, Swiss Rules)

  • Middle Eastern State-Owned Energy Company v. European State-Owned Energy Company. Counsel to European State-owned entity in an ICC arbitration arising from changing market fundamentals in connection with the decoupling of oil and gas pricing and claims regarding gas shortages claims. 
  • European State-Owned Energy Company v. Middle Eastern State-Owned Energy Company. Counsel to European entity in an ICC arbitration arising from a gas sale and purchase agreement and related interconnector pipeline treaty. 
  • Asian Private Company v. Southeast Asia State-Owned Company. Counsel to State-owned entity in ICC arbitration regarding alternative energy project. 
  • U.S. Energy Company v. Russian State-Owned Entity. Counsel to a US-based energy company in an arbitration under the Swiss Rules of International Arbitration in a dispute arising out of power plant construction projects in Russia.
  • U.S. Software Companies v. Asian Technology Company. Counsel to various Silicon Valley tech companies in a series of interrelated ICDR and ICC international arbitration disputes alleging breach of contract and fraud.
  • U.S. Energy Company v. Uganda. Counsel to private entity in an international mediation before the ICC Dispute Resolution Board regarding a Ugandan project.
  • European State-Owned Energy Company. Advised a European energy company in respect of energy price revision negotiations.
  • Dutch Multinational Corporation v. Argentine Entity. Served as sole arbitrator in international commercial arbitration claim under the UNCITRAL Rules relating to the cancellation of a franchise agreement and related intellectual property rights.
  • German Multinational Corporation v. Panamanian Entity. Served as co-arbitrator in an ICC arbitration arising from an aerospace purchase agreement. 
  • Multinational Corporation v. Eastern European Entity. Served as co-arbitrator in an ICDR arbitration involving breach of contract and fraud claims. 
  • Middle Eastern State-Owned Energy Company v. European State-Owned Energy Company. Counsel to European energy company in a set aside proceeding before the Svea Court of Appeals.

International Investment Arbitration

  • Indian Investor v. African State. Counsel to African State in an ad hoc arbitration pursuant to UNCITRAL rules and administered by the PCA brought by an Indian investor relating to the commercial termination of a land development agreement. 
  • Niko Resources Ltd. v. Bapex and Petrobangla. Counsel to Bangladesh and two State entities concerning the causes and impact of two natural gas blowouts.
  • Niko Exploration (Block 9) Ltd. v. Bangladesh and Bangladesh Oil and Gas Mineral Corp. Counsel to Bangladesh and State entities in an ICSID arbitration.
  • Wuxi T. Hertz Technologies Co. Ltd. and Jetion Solar Co. Ltd. v. Hellenic Republic. Counsel to Greece in an UNCITRAL arbitration under the Greece – China bilateral investment treaty arising from alleged investments in a photovoltaic project in Northern Greece.
  • Baymina Enerji Anonim Şirketi v Boru Hatları ile Petrol Taşıma Anonim Şirketi. Counsel to French-based energy company in ICSID arbitration initiated against a Turkish State-owned entity relating to breach of contract with respect to plant function and gas sales.
  • Koch Minerals Sarl and Koch Nitrogen International Sarl v. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Counsel to private entity in an ICSID arbitration involving the expropriation of a plant and related offtake agreement. 
  • OI European Group B.V. v. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Counsel in ICSID arbitration under the Netherlands-Venezuela BIT related to the expropriation of a glass plant.
  • Karmer Marble Tourism Construction Industry and Commerce LLC v. Georgia. Counsel in an ICSID arbitration involving issues of expropriation of a toll road and casino hotel services concession.
  • European Entity v. Eastern European State. Counsel to energy company in an investment arbitration claim relating to expropriation of energy storage facilities.
  • U.S. Company v. North American State. Advised on NAFTA claim involving due process claims with respect to an acquisition and related court actions.
  • Spanish Company v. Latin American State. Served as secondary counsel on an ICSID claim regarding expropriation of an airline.
  • Asian Company v. Middle Eastern State. Served as secondary counsel on an ICSID claim regarding expropriation of an oil refinery plant.
  • U.S. Company v. Latin American State. Counsel in amicus curiae brief on preconditions to international investment arbitration.

Proceedings before the International Court of Justice

  • Legal Consequences of the Separation of the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius in 1965 (request for Advisory Opinion). Counsel to Mauritius in advisory opinion proceedings before the International Court of Justice on whether the decolonization of Mauritius was lawfully completed in light of the United Kingdom’s excision and retention of the Chagos Archipelago.

  • Guyana v. Venezuela (Case Concerning the Arbitral Award of 3 October 1899). Counsel to Guyana in case brought to confirm the international boundary between the two States as determined by an arbitral award whose validity Venezuela has challenged.

International Human Rights Cases before U.S. Courts and Regional Tribunals 

  • Ahmed v. Magan (SD Ohio). Counsel to the Legal Adviser to the President of Somalia in an arbitrary detention and torture claim brought under the Alien Tort Statute/Torture Victims Protection Act against a former member of the Siad Barré dictatorship.  
  • Jara v. Barrientos (MD Fla). Counsel to the family of the late folk musician, Victor Jara, in an Alien Tort Statute/Torture Victim Protection Act claim involving crimes against humanity, extrajudicial killing, torture, cruel treatment, arbitrary detention against a former member of the Pinochet dictatorship.
  • In re Hammond (Ca). Argued a petition for habeas corpus and the secured release of a victim of intimate partner battering and its effects who was wrongfully convicted of second-degree murder.
  • California Association of Mental Health Patients’ Rights Advocates v. California (Ca). Counsel to an advocacy group in a disability discrimination claim against the State of California.
  • Pilav v. Bosnia and Herzegovina (European Court of Human Rights). Counsel to an intervening party in a claim before the ECtHR regarding the Dayton Accord power sharing Constitutional structure and the right to run for office and vote. 
  • Prosecutor v. Im Chaem (Extraordinary Chambers in the Court of Cambodia). Counsel to an intervening party in a case involving crimes against humanity, torture, cruel treatment, and extrajudicial killings. 
  • Balkan Entity v. Balkan State (European Court of Human Rights). Counsel to consortium of companies in a claim before the European Court of Human Rights involving the unlawful tender of a public works contract and the right to a fair trial.
  • Alikhani v. United States (Inter American Commission on Human Rights). Advised on a claim before the IACHR involving the legality of the act of luring. 
  • Newman v. Permanent Mission of the Republic of Bulgaria to the United Nations (SDNY). Represented the Republic of Bulgaria in a tort claim before the Southern District of New York under the Foreign Sovereignty Immunities Act.

Other Sovereign Representation and Advisory Matters

  • Federal Republic of Somalia: Advised Somalia on questions of international law and the draft Provisional Constitution.
  • Middle Eastern State: Advised State on human rights UN advisory matter. 
  • Middle Eastern State: Advised a Middle Eastern state on sovereign immunity and international human rights law.
  • Asian State: Advised an Asian state on claims to hydrocarbon royalty by a provincial government and questions of law of the sea.
  • Private Entity: Advised entity on concession agreement in the Bay of Bengal.
  • European State: Advised a State on potential claims relating to state succession and unlawful expropriation.
  • Private Entity: Advised various energy companies on corporate social responsibility and issues of liability under the ATS and TVPA.

Professional Experience

  • Teaching Staff, University of Piraeus, Department of International & European Studies - Energy Strategy, Law & Economics Program (2018-present)
  • Adjunct Associate Professor of Law, Fordham University (2013-2016)
  • Graduate Student Instructor, UC Berkeley, Peace & Conflict Studies and Political Science Departments (2004-2007)
  • “Law and Practice” Chambers Global Practice Guide – International Arbitration, Second Edition, (2019) (with D. Schimmel). 
  • “The Singapore Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation: A New Way Forward?”, Berkeley J. Int’l L (2019).
  • Chambers Global Practice Guide: International Commercial Arbitration, authored chapter on arbitration under U.S. law (2019) (with D. Schimmel). 
  • "A New Legal Framework for the Enforcement of Settlement Agreements Reached Through International Mediation: UNCITRAL Concludes Negotiations on Convention and Draft Model Law,"  EJIL Talk, (2018) (with S. Tewarie). 
  • "Framework Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Cyprus and the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt Concerning the Development of Cross-Median Line Hydrocarbons Resources," International Maritime Boundaries, 1-15 (2017) (with B. Guthrie).
  • NATURAL RESOURCES AND THE LAW OF THE SEA, Juris Publishing (2017) (co-editor (with L. Martin and C. Salonidis)
  • "Sovereignty Disputes and Offshore Development of Oil and Gas," Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law (2017) (with B. Guthrie).
  • “International Commercial Arbitration: Greece,” Global Arbitration Review (2016 and 2018).
  • “International Commercial Arbitration: Cyprus,” Global Arbitration Review (2016).
  • “Potential Legal Implications Arising from ‘Brexit,” Foley Hoag (2016).
  • "Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum: Is Corporate Liability Under the Alien Tort Statute On its Way Out?," Berkeley J. Int’l L. Publicist, Vol. 9, (2011).
  • "Transatlantic Environmental Regulation-Making," in Handling Environmental Global Challenges: California, the United States and the European Union, Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies (2010), republished in Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation: The Shifting Roles of the EU, the US and California, Edward Elgar Publications (2011) (with B.Cain).
  • "Glamis Gold, Ltd v. United States: A Case Study on Disclosure Procedure in International Arbitration," 2 World Arb & Mediation Rev 3 (2008) (with V. Camerer).
  • "US Discovery in Aid of International Legal Proceedings: Developments Since the Intel Decision Under Section 1782," 4 Deutsch-Amerikanische Juristen-Vereinigung 177, (2006) (with P. Thompson).
  • "Behind the Scenes of Protocol No. 14: Politics in Reforming the European Court of Human Rights," 24 Berkeley J. Int’l L 718 (2006).

Foley Hoag Alerts & Updates

Honors

  • Featured in Who's Who Legal in International Arbitration - Future Leaders (2018-2020).
  • Global Arbitration Review: recognized as “an absolutely stellar lawyer” and “an eloquent advocate with a commanding presence before the tribunal. She is academically distinguished, yet commercially minded; tough and powerful yet elegant and eloquent; she memorises all intricacies of the case yet always keeps the big picture and strategy in mind.”
  • Legal 500: recognized as “very impressive” and “solid in international arbitration and public international law." 
  • Legal 500 Latin America: recognized as “highly regarded.”
  • Center for Justice & Accountability “Partners in Justice Award” (2015): for her work on Jara v. Barrientos, which brought to light atrocities committed in Chile during the Pinochet regime; and (2013), for her work on Ahmed v. Magan, the first decision to hold a member of Somalia's notorious National Security Service accountable for human rights violations.
  • Greek America Foundation's “40 Under 40” Award for work in public international law, human rights and energy law.

Involvement

  • ICC Commission on Arbitration & ADR, U.S. Member
  • Council on Foreign Relations, Elected Term Member
  • Atlantic Council, Elected Member
  • American Society of International Law (ASIL), Executive Council
  • European Society of International Law (ESIL)
  • British Institute of International and Comparative Law (BIICL)
  • American Bar Association and International Bar Association
  • “Welcome to the Hotel California (Consumer Privacy Act): You can check out any time you’d like, but you may still be liable,“  Podcast: Volume One (August 2019). 
  • “Gentle Force of Compromise: Mediation,” Asia ADR Week, (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2019).
  • “Efficiencies and Alliances in Public-Private Partnerships: Regulatory and Institutional Factors for Dispute Resolution Hubs,” Singapore Convention Signing Ceremony & Conference (Singapore, 2019).   
  • "Tribunal Dynamics: Selection of Arbitral Tribunal from the Counsel and Arbitrator Perspective," American Arbitration Association (New York, 2019). 
  • “Parallel Proceedings in Arbitration,” New York State Bar Association (2019).
  • “The Singapore Convention on Mediation: Expert Perspectives on its Significance for the Future of Dispute Resolution,” UNCITRAL WG III side event (New York, 2019).
  • “Technology and Arbitral Players,” ICCA and ICC Conference (Mexico City, 2019).
  • The Singapore Convention on the Enforcement of Agreements Achieved Through International Mediation: A New Way Forward?” The Elegance of International Law: A Conference in Commemoration of Professor David D. Caron (Berkeley, 2018).
  • “Practicing at the Intersection of Public and Private International Law” USC Gould School of Law (Los Angeles, 2018). 
  • “Introduction to International Dispute Resolution,” Yeosu Academy of International Law (Yeosu, Republic of Korea, 2017).
  • “International Water Conflict and Cooperation: Grappling with the Allocation of Freshwater Between States in the Face of Climate Change,” 95th Annual Meeting of the American Branch of the International Law Association, International Law Weekend (New York, 2017).
  • “The Potential Effects of Rising Sea Levels,” 18th Open-Ended Informal Consultative Process on Oceans and the Law of the Sea, The Effects of Climate Change on Oceans, United Nations Headquarters (New York, 2017). 
  • "Climate Change Arbitration: The Key to 'Climate Justice for All' After the Paris Agreement,” ABA Section of International Law, (Washington, D.C., 2017)
  • “New Frontiers in the Law of the Sea,” Universidad del Pacífico (Chile, 2017).
  • "Defense of Land and Water as a Strategy to Eradicate Poverty,” UN Headquarters (New York, 2017).
  • “Recent Developments in Investment Treaties and Dispute Settlement Systems: Efforts by U.N. Member States for a More Balanced Way Forward,” New York Bar Association, Committee on the United Nations (New York, 2017).
  • “Transboundary Groundwater and International Law: Water, Peace, and Security.” Protection and Management of Transboundary Groundwater: Legal Issues and the Human Right to Water, UN Headquarters (New York, 2016).
  • “Recent Developments in Investment Arbitration,” New York Bar Association, JAMS Mediation, Arbitration, ADR Services (New York, 2016).
  • “Silk Road Energy Projects - Oil & Gas, Nuclear, Renewables,”  The Silk Road Summit - 1st Annual Conference: Exploring Business, Trade & Investment Opportunities on the New Silk Road, (Washington, D.C., 2016).
  • “Beauty and the Beast: From Populism to Orthodoxy, Foreign Investment in Latin America,” Latin Lawyer 7th Annual Private Equity Conference (New York, 2016).
  • “Legal Issues Related to Energy Transportation,” 3rdAnnual International Seminar on Energy and Shipping, Institute of Energy for South-East Europe (Athens, Greece, 2016).
  • “Emerging Frontiers in the South China Sea,” Panel Chair, Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law (Washington, D.C., 2016).
  • “Transparency in International Investment Arbitration,” ICC Forum on “In Defense of International Commercial Arbitration: Lessons to Be Learned from Investor-State Arbitration (New York, 2015)
  • “Post-Conflict Security in Somalia: A Case Study in U.S. Federal Court,” NYU Center for Global Justice and Human Rights (New York, 2015).
  • Year in Review: Key Decisions and Developments in Investor-State Arbitration,(New York, 2015).
  • “Multilateral Home State Efforts to Regulate Foreign Investment,” Columbia Law School (New York, 2014).
  • "Eastern Mediterranean LNG to the EU from Israel and Cyprus: Prospects and Challenges," 5th Annual Mediterranean Oil & Gas Conference (Limassol, Cyprus, 2014).
  • "Transforming the Investment Treaty System through Joint Termination and Amendment," Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment, Columbia Law School (New York, 2013).
  • "Disputes and the Regime of Islands and Rocks Under UNCLOS," Panel Chair, American Branch of the International Law Association, International Law Weekend (New York, 2013).
  • "Between Diplomacy and Adjudication: 'Energy Diplomacy' as a Peace Building Tool," International Law Association Conference - Imperium Juris: Governance, Trade, and Resources (Athens, Greece, 2013).
  • "Risk Reduction in Oil & Gas Exploration: Strategies for States and Investors," 4th Annual Mediterranean Oil & Gas Conference (Athens, Greece, 2013).
  • "The Extra-Territorial Application of European Court of Human Rights Jurisprudence," University of Montenegro (Podgorica, Montenegro, 2012).
  • "Individual Accountability for Human Rights Violations Before U.S. Courts," Center for Cultural Diplomacy (London, 2012).
  • "Transatlantic Environmental Strategies," Centre for European Policy Studies, the European Commission Directorate-General for External Relations with the US and Canada (Brussels, 2009).
  • "International Environmental Policy: Climate Change, Water Policy, Chemicals Regulation, and Biosafety," University of California Washington Center, Institute of Governmental Studies (Washington, D.C., 2009).
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Bar Admissions

  • New York
  • California
  • England and Wales

Court Admissions

  • U.S. Supreme Court
  • U.S. Court of Appeals Ninth Circuit
  • U.S. Court of Appeals Eleventh Circuit
  • U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York
  • U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California